International Journal of European Studies

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Conflict and Social Inequalities in Yemen: An Increase in Inequality of Access to Primary Education

Children are the actors of the economic and social scene of tomorrow. They are, on the other hand, the section most exposed to danger in conflict environments. This article is intended to study the consequences of the armed conflict on social equality and in particular its impact on the right of access to education for Yemeni children. United Nations reports point to a high dropout rate among Yemeni children (UNISCO, 2021). It is thus a question of knowing the causes and demonstrating the direct impacts of the social conflict on the schooling of children in Yemeni society. To achieve this objective, we used a qualitative method, which consists of conducting interviews with 30 Yemeni families affected by the civil war. These families constitute our public, which includes 57 children between the age of (7-13 years). It is the legal age that corresponds to primary education. The results obtained from our survey showed a very fragile situation of childhood in Yemen. They also confirmed the figures and data quoted in the reports of the various UN organizations. So it is important, in order to protect the of children to access education, to call for an end to this conflict and rehabilitate the infrastructure of the education system; building, chairs, teachers, programs and textbooks, etc.

Yemen Society, Social Conflict, Social Inequalities, Yemen Child, Unequal Access to Education, Child Labor, Poverty

APA Style

Fares Al Ameri. (2023). Conflict and Social Inequalities in Yemen: An Increase in Inequality of Access to Primary Education. International Journal of European Studies, 7(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijes.20230701.11

ACS Style

Fares Al Ameri. Conflict and Social Inequalities in Yemen: An Increase in Inequality of Access to Primary Education. Int. J. Eur. Stud. 2023, 7(1), 1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.ijes.20230701.11

AMA Style

Fares Al Ameri. Conflict and Social Inequalities in Yemen: An Increase in Inequality of Access to Primary Education. Int J Eur Stud. 2023;7(1):1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.ijes.20230701.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Alkamel, M and Al Olofi, E (2020): "education and social integration in Yemeni society", in ROA, volume 2, number 3, Biskara.
2. Bhir, Alain and Pferfferkorn, Roland (2008): The system of inequalities, Edition La Découverte, Paris.
3. Durkheim E (1991): From the division of social work, PUF, Paris. 2nd edition.
4. Diane L. Putnick, Marc H. Bornstein (2016): "Is child labor a barrier to school enrollment in low- and middle-income" in International Journal of Educational Development, 2016, n 41, pp 12-120.
5. François Dubet (2011): "Regimes of inequality and social injustices", SociologieS [Online], Debates, online October 18, 201 1,. URL: https://journals.openedition.org/sociologies/3643. Consulted February 24, 2023.
6. HUMANAPPEAL (2021): "school rehabilitation in Yemen" October.URL: https://humanappeal.be/faire-un-don/projets/rehabilitations/rehabilitation-ecole-yemen. Consulted on January 2023.
7. ILO, International Labor Office (2007): "Modern policy and legal responses to child labor", Geneva. https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/africa/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_228972.pdf. Consulted on 2 February 2023.
8. Moheyddeen, K (2016): "Education in Yemen Struggles after More than a Year of Conflict, in Voices and views; MENA, world bank group. URL: https://blogs.worldbank.org/arabvoices/education-yemen-struggles-conflict. Consulted on January 9, 2023.
9. UNICEF, United Nations Children's Fund (2022): "country program document, Yemen". https://www.unicef.org/executiveboard/documents/Yemen-draft-country-programme-document-srs-2022. Consulted on December, 2022.
10. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (2022): "Humanitarian Needs Overview Yemen", New York.https://www.unocha.org/sites/unocha/files/Global%20Humanitarian%20Overview%202022.pdf. consulted on march 18, 2023.
11. OXFAM (2020): "crisis in Yemen". https://www.oxfam.org/fr/decouvrir/urgences/crise-au-yemen. Consulted on march 11, 2023.
12. UNDP (2019): "prolonged conflict would make Yemen the poorest country in the world" October.https://www.undp.org/press-releases/prolonged-conflict-would-make-yemen-poorest-country-world-undp-study-says. Consulted on June 5, 2022.
13. UNESCO, Institute of Statistics (2005): "Children out-of-school: Measurement of exclusion from primary education", Montreal, 2005, p. 13. https://catalog.ihsn.org/citations/2314. Consulted on march 3, 2021.
14. UNESCO, EFA monitoring report (2011): "The hidden crisis: armed conflicts and education", 2011.https://www.unesco.org/gem-report/en/hidden-crisis-armed-conflict-and-education. Consulted on January 2023.
15. UNICEF, Emergency Programs (2022): "the war in Yemen". https://www.unicef.org/yemen/topics/yemen?items_per_page=50&page=1. Consulted on march 10, 2023.
16. United Nations Children's Fund (2021): "education disrupted: impact of conflict on children's education in Yemen", UNICEF Yemen. https://yemen.un.org/sites/default/files/2022-01/UNCT%20Yemen%20-%20Common%20Country%20Analysis%20-%2015-November%202021.pdf. Consulted on February 2023.
17. UNICEF, summary (2014): "Yemen country report on out-off-school children". https://www.unicef.org/mena/media/6686/file/Yemen%20Country%20Report%20on%20OOSC%20Summary_EN.pdf%20.pdf. Consulted on march 10, 2023.
18. World Bank (2012): "Facing the hard facts in Yemen", https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2012/09/26/yemen-talking-points. Consulted on March 6, 2023.