Volume 2, Issue 1, March 2018, Page: 1-7
Socio-Economic Disparities among Beggars in Different Locations of District Lahore_Pakistan
Imran Khan, Department of Geography, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
Received: Jan. 24, 2018;       Accepted: Feb. 24, 2018;       Published: Apr. 8, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijes.20180201.11      View  1038      Downloads  57
Abstract
Begging has experienced as more vital social issue in urban areas of developing countries. It has considered a product of numerous social problems such as poverty, unemployment, breakage of family, lack of education and so on. Current study aims to examine the socio-economic disparities among beggars in different locations of district Lahore_Pakistan. This study is comprised on primary as well as secondary data. Primary data were obtained from beggars through questionnaires. This study showed that majority of beggars was found illiterate and resided in rented house in the study area. They were also deprived from safe drinking water, ownership of house, electricity and educational facilities. The socio economic characteristics revealed that begging was more frequent among male, illiterate, married and aged people, while socio cultural characteristics revealed that it was more frequent among Muslims as Muslims were found more generous than non-Muslims. It recommends that the government, NGO’s, and welfare institutions need to play their roles to alleviate the incidence of begging. It also recommends further research works to address the problem of begging.
Keywords
Begging, Poverty, Unemployment, Educational Status, Average of Daily Income, Total Family Income
To cite this article
Imran Khan, Socio-Economic Disparities among Beggars in Different Locations of District Lahore_Pakistan, International Journal of European Studies. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2018, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.ijes.20180201.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Aberra, G. (1987). The case of twenty beggars in Akaki. Unpublished senior essay Submitted to the department of sociology and social administration, Addis Ababa University. BA research Paper.
[2]
Annual Administration Report of Lahore. (2012).
[3]
City District Government, Lahore (2010).
[4]
Delap, E. (2009). “Forced Child Begging” Anti-Slavery International Report, ISBN: 978 900918-72-8.
[5]
Demewozu, W. (2005) “Begging as a Means of Livelihood: Conferring with the poor at the Orthodox Religious Ceremonial Days in Addis Ababa”. Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology, Addis Ababa University. African Study Monographs, Suppl. 29: 185-191, pp. 185-191.
[6]
Gillin, J. L (1929). “Vagrancy and begging”, American Journal of Sociology, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 424-432.
[7]
Government of Pakistan. (2006). Economic Survey of Pakistan.
[8]
Handerson, Richmund C. (1904). “Modern Methods of Charity Macmillan, N. Y”.
[9]
International Labour Organization, 2004), Collective for Social Science Research, Karachi, “A rapid Assessment of bonded Labour in Domestic work and begging in Pakistan”.
[10]
International Labour Organization. (2009). Surviving the Streets, “A Study of Street Children in Pakistan”.
[11]
Jabir, H. Menka. Ahmed, H. (2013) “Regional Analysis of Various Places of Begging”. International Journal of Development Research. Department of Geography, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh. Vol. 3, Issue, 10, pp. 114-119.
[12]
Khan, J. (2013). “Problem of Beggars”. A case study: International Journal of Management and Social Sciences Research, pp. 67-74.
[13]
Lucas, D. (2007). “The determinents of begging and its consequence in Addis Ababa”. Unpublished MA Theses, Addis Ababa University.
[14]
Matei, E., Dumitrache, L., Manea, G., Coco, O., & Mihalache, C. (2013). “Begging Phenomenon in Bucharest City: Dimensions and Patterns of Expression” Social Sciences Citation Index, vol. 43, pp. 61-79, www.doaj.org and www.scopus.com.
[15]
MOLSA, (1992). “Study on Begging in Addis Ababa: Action Oriented Addis Ababa, Ethiopia”.
[16]
Nadia, A. (2011). “Beggarization: Beggary as an Organized Crime in Pakistan” A thesis of Graduate degree program in Global and International Studies and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas.
[17]
Namwata, B. M. L., Mgabo, M. R., and Dimoso, P. (2011). “Demographic Dimensions and Their Implications on the Incidence of Street Begging In Urban Areas of Central Tanzania: the Case of Dodoma and Singida Municipalities” Global Journal of Human Social Science, Vol. 11, pp. 55-62.
[18]
Ottaway, M. (1975). “Urbanization in Ethiopia”: A Text with Readings in Urban Sociology, A. A. U, Unpublished.
[19]
Reda, A. T. (2011) “The Causes and Psychological Consequences of Begging in Addis Ababa Among Beggars coming from Tigray Regional State”. School of Graduate Study, Institute of Psychology, Addis Ababa University.
[20]
Rugoho, T. Siziba, B. (2014) “Rejected People: Beggars with Disabilities in the City of Harare”. Developing Countries Study. ISSN 2224-607X (Paper) ISSN 2225-0565 (Online). Vol. 4, No. 26, pp. 51-56.
[21]
Saeed, (2015). Nawai Waqt Lahore, Pakistan.
[22]
Tatek, A. (2009). “The survival strategies of Ethiopian child beggars”. The 16th International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, Trondheim.
[23]
Yusuf, et, al. (2012). “The extent of People Involvement in the National Basic Reforms in IIorin Emirate, Nigeria.”
[24]
Woubishet, D. (2005). “Begging as means of livelihood: Conferring with the poor at the Orthodox religious ceremonial day in Addis Ababa”. African study monographs, Supplementary issue 29, 185-191.
Browse journals by subject