Volume 3, Issue 1, June 2019, Page: 52-66
The Compositional Making and Geographic Itinerancies of the Chansons de Roland During the Early and Late Middle Ages
Mirabile Paul, Department of Western Languages, Heilongjiang International University, Haerbin, China
Received: Mar. 7, 2019;       Accepted: Apr. 12, 2019;       Published: Jun. 26, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijes.20190301.19      View  604      Downloads  65
The author examines the centripetal compositional forces and the itinerant centrifugal forces that produced the Chanson de Roland and diffused the Chansons de Roland since its remote Nordico-Germanic and Gallo-Roman origins to their wide-scale geographic settlings in western mediaeval Europe. To demonstrate this dual force, the author traces the Figure of a sand-glass which visualizes the first migrating compositional flow from the wide plains of Scandinavia, through sedentarized Gaul and on to the battlefield of Roncevaux Pass, and the second propagating flow from the oldest extant Oxford version to the eight variants which, although scattered over different countries, are very much inter-related since they all drew inspiration from Roland's heroic death at the eventful battle of Roncevaux. The nine versions of the Chanson de Roland founded the mediaeval western European poetic koinê.
Sand-glass, Centripetal Compositional Forces, Centrifugal Itinerant Forces, Poetic Koinê, Orature
To cite this article
Mirabile Paul, The Compositional Making and Geographic Itinerancies of the Chansons de Roland During the Early and Late Middle Ages, International Journal of European Studies. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2019, pp. 52-66. doi: 10.11648/j.ijes.20190301.19
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Or, 3,997 according to other versions. See J. J. Duggan, La Chanson de Roland/The Song of Roland: The French Corpus, Brepols, 2005. Joseph Duggan, Formulaic Style and Poetic Craft, California, University Press, 1973. See also, Jean Rychner, La Chanson de Roland, Genève, Droz, 1955.
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