International Journal of European Studies

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Social Resilience and Public Trust in International Crises; Case Study of the Nordic Development Model in COVID-19 Pandemic (2018 to 2020)

Received: 27 July 2022    Accepted: 25 August 2022    Published: 31 August 2022
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Abstract

This research investigated the importance of social capital and public trust in Nordic governments' decision-making during the COVID-19 pandemic. Social capital or trust is a valuable yet difficult asset for governments to acquire. By examining the level of public trust in the government, one can understand the level of social resilience and tolerance of the people of a country towards the government's decisions in critical situations. If this capital is substantial, the government can rely on it to make difficult decisions with fewer challenges, as demonstrated during the COVID-19 pandemic. The research method in this article is quantitative and qualitative with an interpretive approach to the available statistical data and their investigation in the conceptual framework of the research, which was the conceptual model of Nordic development. The findings showed that social capital plays an essential role in the decision-making process of governments. The governments of the Nordic countries made complex decisions during the COVID-19 pandemic. They faced fewer challenges due to the citizens' social trust, which made the governments better be able to allocate financial resources to different sectors, especially the welfare. Considering that these government decisions were in line with the public interest, they were welcomed by the people. A fact that was facilitated by the people's trust in the government. More empirical research is needed to measure the different dimensions of social capital in Nordic countries and its multifaceted benefits in those societies.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijes.20220602.11
Published in International Journal of European Studies (Volume 6, Issue 2, December 2022)
Page(s) 12-17
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

COVID-19, Social Resilience, Nordic Development Model, Public Trust

References
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  • APA Style

    Amin Goodarzvand, Hadi Farahani. (2022). Social Resilience and Public Trust in International Crises; Case Study of the Nordic Development Model in COVID-19 Pandemic (2018 to 2020). International Journal of European Studies, 6(2), 12-17. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijes.20220602.11

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    ACS Style

    Amin Goodarzvand; Hadi Farahani. Social Resilience and Public Trust in International Crises; Case Study of the Nordic Development Model in COVID-19 Pandemic (2018 to 2020). Int. J. Eur. Stud. 2022, 6(2), 12-17. doi: 10.11648/j.ijes.20220602.11

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    AMA Style

    Amin Goodarzvand, Hadi Farahani. Social Resilience and Public Trust in International Crises; Case Study of the Nordic Development Model in COVID-19 Pandemic (2018 to 2020). Int J Eur Stud. 2022;6(2):12-17. doi: 10.11648/j.ijes.20220602.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijes.20220602.11,
      author = {Amin Goodarzvand and Hadi Farahani},
      title = {Social Resilience and Public Trust in International Crises; Case Study of the Nordic Development Model in COVID-19 Pandemic (2018 to 2020)},
      journal = {International Journal of European Studies},
      volume = {6},
      number = {2},
      pages = {12-17},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijes.20220602.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijes.20220602.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijes.20220602.11},
      abstract = {This research investigated the importance of social capital and public trust in Nordic governments' decision-making during the COVID-19 pandemic. Social capital or trust is a valuable yet difficult asset for governments to acquire. By examining the level of public trust in the government, one can understand the level of social resilience and tolerance of the people of a country towards the government's decisions in critical situations. If this capital is substantial, the government can rely on it to make difficult decisions with fewer challenges, as demonstrated during the COVID-19 pandemic. The research method in this article is quantitative and qualitative with an interpretive approach to the available statistical data and their investigation in the conceptual framework of the research, which was the conceptual model of Nordic development. The findings showed that social capital plays an essential role in the decision-making process of governments. The governments of the Nordic countries made complex decisions during the COVID-19 pandemic. They faced fewer challenges due to the citizens' social trust, which made the governments better be able to allocate financial resources to different sectors, especially the welfare. Considering that these government decisions were in line with the public interest, they were welcomed by the people. A fact that was facilitated by the people's trust in the government. More empirical research is needed to measure the different dimensions of social capital in Nordic countries and its multifaceted benefits in those societies.},
     year = {2022}
    }
    

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    AU  - Amin Goodarzvand
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    T2  - International Journal of European Studies
    JF  - International Journal of European Studies
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    AB  - This research investigated the importance of social capital and public trust in Nordic governments' decision-making during the COVID-19 pandemic. Social capital or trust is a valuable yet difficult asset for governments to acquire. By examining the level of public trust in the government, one can understand the level of social resilience and tolerance of the people of a country towards the government's decisions in critical situations. If this capital is substantial, the government can rely on it to make difficult decisions with fewer challenges, as demonstrated during the COVID-19 pandemic. The research method in this article is quantitative and qualitative with an interpretive approach to the available statistical data and their investigation in the conceptual framework of the research, which was the conceptual model of Nordic development. The findings showed that social capital plays an essential role in the decision-making process of governments. The governments of the Nordic countries made complex decisions during the COVID-19 pandemic. They faced fewer challenges due to the citizens' social trust, which made the governments better be able to allocate financial resources to different sectors, especially the welfare. Considering that these government decisions were in line with the public interest, they were welcomed by the people. A fact that was facilitated by the people's trust in the government. More empirical research is needed to measure the different dimensions of social capital in Nordic countries and its multifaceted benefits in those societies.
    VL  - 6
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Author Information
  • Faculty of Economics and Political Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

  • Department of Social Science, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland

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